عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
The city of Siena is a medieval city that was built in 30A.D, with the aim of being a military base near Rome, by the Romans. After that, this city was developed in the medieval time and it has continued its life with the same medieval structures. Siena is one of the few cities with such a spatial organization. The considerable characteristic of this city is large a urban square with the important municipality court on one side of it. The whole city has presumably directed towards this square. The religion is considered as one of the prominent governmental elements in the city. Accordingly the aim of this study is to find a logical relation among the medieval beliefs and formation of Del Campo Square in the urban design of Siena. Regarding the municipality court structure in the southern part of the square and the direction of the square towards this building, it is found that its formation, even in the Gothic era, is occurred, when the capitalist system was dominating the medieval community, which has caused the formation of the community and construction of municipality courts to support the democratic governments. The present article uses a descriptive/analyticalresearch methodology, and data are collected through observations and using of library documents.