عنوان مقاله [English]
The water in Iranian plateau and its environs have a main role in urban landscapes; complicate structures which shaped according to the hydraulic situations and played a multi-purpose role in the urban spatial structure. today with the new environmental and social concerns about modern infrastructures, rereading the historic semi-natural infrastructures and their multifaceted integration with urban structures, will contribute to redefine the dominant one-dimensional characteristic of water infrastructures in the modern era. One of the most considerable examples for the multi- dimensional integration between water infrastructure and urban structure was situated in Bukhara in Uzbekistan. A system, developed on current water, with a vital role in the urban landscape of Bukhara, which remains till now, in spite of more than 90 percent of destructions. The main question that this paper tries to answer is not the formation of the system, although it’s important by itself, but the way this system resist through the centuries. How to promote this system from common semi-natural infrastructure to the landscape infrastructure with the most influential effect of the urban structure of Bukhara? For this purpose, the research focuses on the way the water system arises in integration with the urban structure of Bukhara in its started pointing in the 19th century and its expansion till the 20th century, and also it falls in start of the modern era in Bukhara in the early of 20th century. The survey shows two important and related facts about water system of Bukhara: first, the water system of Bukhara made a tangible relation to the physical and social structure of the city in various scales (from public to private) which made the system as a key player in the urban landscape of Bukhara and promote it from a mere subsistent infrastructure to the landscape infrastructure with a symbolic role in Bukhara. Second, Although the functional role, was the necessity of the existence of the system and its relation to the urban life, but it’s not the mere requirement for its continuation through centuries. in fact, the subjective integration between the water system and its components with the city has the equivalent role as the objective integration between system and urban structure in the resistance and continues of system in common language more than ten centuries.