عنوان مقاله [English]
Architecture is the most striking evidence of the civilization of any given country in the course of its history. Accordingly, the recognition of architecture can lead to realization of cultural assets of countries. Regarding the trip undertaken by the Caucasus Research group, the architecture of this region was defined. The research aim of this group was defined as understanding the evolution of architecture in the Caucasus region in the present-day Armenia and Georgia, respectively. This paper is an analytical statement extracted from architectural research group in this trip. This research made use of casemethodology based on field observations. Furthermore, data collection methods included library studies, Internet, surveys, field observations, surveys of ideas of fellow travellers and interviews with experts in order to conduct this research. Having identified the subject and object of this research, three initial subjects were determined. However, these subjects underwent some changes during and after the trip.
Communism has had a special role in the evolution of architecture in the Caucasus. After the start of this period, the traditional architectural style collapsed and a new style appeared. This abolished style was quickly forgotten and a new style appeared. Hence, the architecture of the Caucasus can be divided into three main phases of traditional (before Communism), Communism and modern (post-Communism) periods.
Traditional architecture style has been examined under an article entitled “a review of the Armenian Orthodox churches".Architecture of Communism has been studied via a paper entitled "challenges of residential architecture in the Caucasus". Finally, architecture of the modern era has been investigated in an article entitled "from traditionalism to formalism, the new architecture of Georgia after the independence".