عنوان مقاله [English]
If we accept natural landscape the result of the first interaction of human and nature, cultural landscape is natural selecting for interaction during the time, which may have different causes in different periods. Ritual landscape as an important part of the cultural landscape is the community reaction to the spiritual needs. In ancient times, people lived in a directly deep link with nature. The biological landscape and the ritual landscape from ancient time was influenced by the natural landscape. This becomes important when we know natural elements of landscape in ancient time had spiritual concepts in addition to its function. So there has been direct and inseparable link between religion and nature. Due to dominant mountain landscapes in Georgian, the mountains always have had a fundamental role to the structure of public life as a landscape element, it has been three aspects of functional, meaning and the aesthetic. The importance of these three aspects from the ritual landscape view is different due to the time and place of ritual and cultural landscape formation. In this paper, by choosing three sets of ritual in Mestia, Uplistisikhe and Mtskheta in Georgia, first the ritual landscape of mountain formation is discussed in each of these three categories, due to the mountain association with the cultural community, the cultural landscape is formed differently. So that in Mestia the functional aspects was the dominant for creating meaning role and shaping the landscape of the mountain, In Uplistisikhe the aesthetic and meaning aspects of the mountain was overcome and in Mtskhetalocation of mountain is importantas the strategically region. After comparing these three aspects of ritual landscape, the relation between natural and cultural landscape will be discussed.