عنوان مقاله [English]
Iranian gardens are known for their unique style and identity in the world, which remained intact against political attacks and turned into traditions. Although Indian garden design differs from Iranian design and took on Indian identity through Mughal history, Indian basis, and climate, it has been largely influenced by Iranian scheme. It is inevitable to recognize the role of water as the most pleasant common hallmark of Iranian gardens to understand Indian garden design.
The present paper aims to prove that the concept of water in Iranian garden changed when used in India and affected by various factors. Water is used for scene and landscape design and a symbol of cleanliness, dynamism, and motion in Iran (symbolic); in contrast, it is used to decorate gardens in India (decorative).
Research indicates that in Indian gardens, water is running in very delicately designed streams which overemphasize the streams more than water itself.