عنوان مقاله [English]
Garden is one of the most characteristic and notable places in landscape field, and the state of how are connected and related natural parts with artifact and build parts in gardens can define and specify the spatial system and ambiance of it. The context of India, due to its specific character of natural and climatic features with a rare diversity in religion aspects and Isms which exist in human society, significantly has affected the spatial character of Iranian style gardens. In this paper we will categorize and explore some of these affections. Iranian garden is a place for the nature dominates and this is resulted in the perception of landscape natural elements in maximum rate. Whiles in Indian Mughal gardens, which are adopted of Iranian Islamic gardens, the geometry of building and constructed parts of garden are obviously dominant on the whole area and other natural parts, in other words in Indian Mughal garden the emphasis is on constructed parts instead of natural parts.Significant increase in the surface area and volume of the tomb in comparison with the garden surrounding in analogy with the Iranian samples, Increase the height of tomb building with creating an elevated platform, emphasizing on the vertical elements of building such as tall arcs and minarets and having an ornate fence are among the reasons that are offered to prove the hypothesis. Indian garden despite the Iranian samples is taken from a humanistic and constructivist approach which the developers are seeking to demonstrate a manmade concept and ambiance instead of a naturalistic atmosphere and environment.