عنوان مقاله [English]
Afghanistan offers the platforms required for the emergence of architectural representation in modern art due to its history in the creation of technically, functionally, and aesthetically architectural remarkable buildings. In addition, there has been a necessity for examining the functions of architectural representation in contemporary paintings and the continuity of this visual perspective in the present era. Such a necessity has been reinforced by the unique perspective of Herat school on the representation of architecture in paintings, such as the transformation of buildings and nature into locations for the action of humans, as well as the use of architecture in this school‘s paintings. This study is qualitative research employing a descriptive-analytical method. To investigate what semantic and aesthetic roles architecture has played in the paintings of this nation during the previous four decades, data was gathered from the library, the internet, and archival resources. The findings revealed that architectural representation emerges in many forms. Sometimes it is used to describe the locations of events. Sometimes it is used as a painting pattern in naturalistic works to enhance the aesthetics of buildings. It is also employed as a visual document in history or ethnography, and it underlines the difference between tradition and modernization. Examples of cubist, surrealist and abstract representations of architecture can also be seen in the works.