عنوان مقاله [English]
The Persian originated Sassanid, who were the heir to Achaemenid throne and civilization, ruled Persia over 5 centuries where numerous works of architecture, reliefs, paintings, textiles, porcelain, metal and glass objects, weapons and coins demonstrating Pahlavi symbolic motifs and calligraphy were created. Sassanid art is “new Persian” art comprising the tradition and manifesting history by magnificent and unique landscaping in form of temples, palaces, hunting ground, Persian paradise or the heaven on earth. Sassanid art is molded on the basis of naturalistic beliefs and faith in Mithra and Anahita goddesses and Zoroastrian religion in a broad territory from Fars to Ctesiphon, Kermanshah, Sistan and Azerbaijan. Considering various precious types of art, the architectural masterpieces of the period includes temples, palaces, hunting grounds and about 34 inscriptions, built mostly in vicinity of natural elements such as mountains, water and trees. Sassanid people can be recognized as the best landscapers throughout history whereas architectural monuments including temples, palaces and hunting ground, as well as carved graphs in the mountains are demonstrations of the claim.