عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
The biggest factor in the vitality of collective spaces is the presence of public in that square and their interaction together. In the past, squares have been one of the most important urban spaces that have been a basis for the formation of social life. In fact, Italian squares were not all considered as collective and public spaces with one unified approach. Actually, they gained their dynamism and vitality based on their period of construction and the main approach of that time. Overtime, and in the coming future, urban management policies made about historical Italian squares has led the continuity of urban life and nowadays these squares are known as vibrant spaces.
Thus we can conclude that factors which effected the gathering and presence of people in these squares in the past were different and changeable based on the time they are constructed. Nowadays these factors are flowing but their structural role is stable. According to the findings of this article useful congestion of people in the environment, the presence of legible elements, social safety, social interactions and sense of belonging in the urban environment are the factors of liveliness and the peoples’ gatherings in public areas and especially Italian squares.