نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 کارشناس معماری، دانشگاه شهید رجایی
2 دکتری شهرسازی، دانشگاه تهران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Edges are one of the five elements involved in the image of the city. Edges are linear elements with generally extroverted functions which define a border between two sections. These elements may be defined by built elements or may be located on natural geographic features. This paper analyses the special functional features of urban edges that are located on natural coastal features. It is considered that natural urban edges that are created as a result of overlaying on natural features can be functionaaly considered as a public space in the city. Urban edges also affect the image of the city directly. But how can these kinds of urban edges perform in configuring city structure subjectively and objectively?
The geographical domain of this research is the cities of India. Therefore, three case studies were investigated in India in order to answer the research question. Ganga River in Varanasi city, the edge of Pushkar Lake and Mumbai seashore are the three cases where the urban edges overlay the natural feature of the shore. Discussing these three cases reflect how commercial functions, creation of ritual space, formation of public space, people presence and public interaction along the shoreline can be concluded as a result of urban edge overlay on natural features.