نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 پژوهشگر دکتری معماری، واحد تهران جنوب، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران.
2 دانشیار گروه ساختمان، دانشکدۀ معماری و شهرسازی، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران.
3 استادیار گروه معماری، واحد تهران جنوب، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
The native architecture of the village is a rare story of connection with nature and landscape, which, while giving identity and integration with the environment, has turned biological crises into the dynamics of life. The energy crisis and the need to use renewable solar energy in cold and mountainous villages is the basis for the recognition of a word called "sunlit space". The sunlit space is an open space or a semi-open space that can be effective in creating a favorable microclimate. The purpose of this research, while introducing this space, is to know the patterns of the sunlit space and introduce its dominant specie in the mountainous villages of Shemiranat, and the main question of the research is what is the typology of the sunlit space in the mountainous villages and What are the effective characteristics of the dominant specie in creating a favorable microclimate?This research has been conducted using a qualitative method and based on library studies and a wide range of field researches. based on certain criteria, 10 villages were selected and about 40 houses were visited. In order to answer the problem, while collecting and preparing complete documents from each house, qualitative conversations and interviews with residents have also been conducted. According to the results of this research, there are 4 different types of sunlit spaces in the surveyed villages Which The dominant type of sunlit space, in mountainous and cold villages , is the court and area that faces the south front, is on the second floor and above the ground level, and is located on the space of the stable and warehouse. Paying attention to the sunlit spaces in the houses of the mountainous villages, although it is focused on the native architecture and the past; But paying attention to solar energy is not limited by time And the mutual and inevitable connection of the native houses and new constructions represent this fact that to maintain the kinship between structures and reduce energy consumption, it is vital and valuable to reflect on local patterns and create a link in the form of new architecture for the villages.