سازمان نوسازی شهر تهران
عنوان مقاله [English]
The growing urban population in India following the economic progress made in recent decades has drown attention towards slum dwellings and the expansion of the problematic urban fabrics as an important urban management issue in India. Although all developing countries are suffering from this terrible problem, but in this respect Indians rank second in the world.
On the other hand, high population of people living in these textures makes it difficult to benefit from financial interventions of China and Turkey because of fund supplying problems in the process of improving conditions in urban areas. However, the complexity and extensiveness of the problem had not made Indians adopt a passive approach towards these fabrics. On the contrary, using their own model, they have managed to improve and upgrade the residential areas including a population of about 60 million people (equal to the population of Iran in 1375) within 10 years. The current study attempts to shed light on how the urban management system in India empowers the slum settlers instead of using expatriate financial resources, and thereby renovates the urban fabrics through partnership. The research hypothesis is that the experience of India in general and urban management in particular, pursue the improvement of these texures by increasing the abilities of residents (training of skills) or increasing production capacity and the capability of hot money management. This model is less reliant on cold monies such as low-interest loans or government grants.To prove this hypothesis, the descriptive-analytical method is used to express the experience of Ahmadabad city and the community-based organizations of it, through collecting documents and doing field studies.