کارشناس ارشد پژوهش هنر
عنوان مقاله [English]
Decorative motifs in art of different nations, sometimes present complex, sophisticated and elegant, sometimes simple and hypothyroidism, with different quality, quantity and materials, in different configurations and they are searchable in the form of animal, human, plant, geometric, abstract, lines Decorative lines.
In the Islamic era decorative motifs and their composition had a particular place and because of the prohibited images of human and animal, geometric and plant motifs, had tremendous growth and diversity, and shows in various art works such as architecture, book designing, pottery, metalworking, weaving and…
Architectural decorations, especially the mosques of the Islamic period are the most striking decorative effects which include: the minaret, dome, entrance, porch and… .Each of these elements has certain aspects that are usually regional features offered in various Islamic lands and obviously, the effects of adjacent areas causing compositional arts. So the native decorations imported elements combine to form a new mode. India, the Islamic era, came under the influence of Iran, decorated in a combination of Iranian Hindi, has created a special style.
This article wants a comparative study of ancient mosque minarets1 decorations India and Iran, which has historically been so similar that it will answer the research question. Are Islamic minarets decorations India and Iran local authenticity? Because the two neighboring lands and exchanges have been together, whether this communication would have been redeploying each other lands? Hypothesis, based upon which much of the decorative pattern on mosque minarets and materials in ancient India - Iran's local patterns.
Methodology: Comparative and inductive based on library information and objective observations. Examples of mosque minarets in India (the Qovatoleslam mosque, the Ahmadabad Jama Mosque) with three examples of Iran (the Saveh mosque, the GoharShad Mosque and the Isfahan Jama Mosque) were compared and evaluated. The final result shows that ornamentation, motifs and materials in both lands, where Indigenous and local which gradually changed under the influence of Islamic beliefs.