عنوان مقاله [English]
Given the people`s understanding is the reason for interpreting the meaning of phenomena, the thinking structure that makes this understanding possible is very significant, as it can be supposed that any objectivity outside our understanding organization would not be achievable, so that we are required continuously a situation (time-place based or a physical structure) to interpret the phenomena, as being neutral is impossible and favoritism is an inevitable outcome. Acknowledging this prelude represents the vital nature of these concepts and principles, and its necessity for constituting the foundations of the thinking structure, as a possible way of understanding; thereby if these structures are facing issues, they may encounter any other type of action with problems, despite initially looking a solid precise concept; Anyone who does not comprehend the imaginary nature of this magic words (Hafez), his/her depiction is not acceptable, even if he/she be a skilled Chinese portrayer. One of these thinking foundations that requires criticism is the principles derived from the ideas of western orientalists or the local areas under their influence. In a complicated process, the presumptions of these groups have led to the statement of “transition theory” as an obvious idea. The presumption of this theory says that the road to progress is the exact one that has been experienced in the West and it should be followed step by step to achieve development and live a happy life. Therefore, any type of subject that is realized under the influence of transition theory requests criticism to be passed through and not to get stuck at the level of localization.
توفیق، ابراهیم و همکاران. (1398). نامیدن تعلیق. تهران: مانیا هنر.
• فردوسی، ابوالقاسم. (1399). طبع انتقادی شاهنامة فردوسی (به تصحیح جلال خالقی مطلق؛ به کوشش احسان یارشاطر). نیویورک: Bibliotheca Persica