عنوان مقاله [English]
The garden of the tomb is the design of a symbol and a memorial that reflects the ideas, views, and beliefs of the person resting in it. Therefore, since people will visit this place in the future, it is better to be eternal and stable. As stated in various studies, the secret of a work’s immortality is its relationship with its viewers and users. Adherence to cultural and climatic patterns and adaptation to the conditions of the region and society is essential. Therefore, flexibility, appropriateness of the time, and the transfer of meaning are among the requirements for the design of spaces and monuments. The research uses the descriptive-analytical research method and employs the phenomenological approach to determine the relationship between the poet and the designer’s thought and the architecture of the tomb and in recording and transmitting the cultural-spatial identity of the city. In this regard, two examples of tombs in Shiraz as a city with several tombs were selected. The data was collected, analyzed, and interpreted through the bibliographic method. According to the results and deductive measurement of samples based on Iranian architecture, culture, and living environment (Shiraz) has influenced the thought of the poet and designer in the architecture of the garden of tombs. The principles of Iranian architecture considered in the monastery include the following: the combination of traditional and modern architecture, symmetry, human scale, decorations, symbols, materials, and principles of gardening of Iranian architecture, which ultimately has created architecture appropriate to the culture of the region.