عنوان مقاله [English]
Structuralism, as an artistic and literary approach, originated in the Eastern Europe during the first decades of the 20th century and reached its climax in the Western Europe in the second half of the same century. Through focusing on the structures of the artistic and literary works for analyzing them, structuralists created some criteria and formulas that seemed irrevocable and invariable from their perspective. Structuralism, as such, was presented as a scientific critical approach. Structuralism, initially, was based on linguistics, however, it later extended to fields as diverse as anthropology, philosophy, history and finally different branches of humanities. This paper is to undertake a critical review of, and a reflection on structuralist approaches as developed in humanities, artistic and literary criticism. What was once called structuralism is an obsolete approach not practiced any more. Despite the fact that some researches in the field of humanities rely on a few aspects of this approach, structuralism should be regarded as the last attempt of critics for establishing an absolute and irrevocable “truth”.