نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 گروه معماری و شهرسازی، دانشکدۀ فنی و حرفهای شهید باهنر، شیراز، ایران.
2 معمار و نقاش، دانشآموخته لوئیزیانا، آمریکا.
3 کارشناسیارشد معماری، مؤسسه آموزش عالی غیرانتفاعی، آپادانا، شیراز، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
The first step in understanding the meaning of expressions and verses in literary texts is to find out their precise connotations and compositions that are being addressed. In this research article, the implications and concepts of the word ‘Desert/Sahra’ is being reviewed in ‘Complete Works of Saadi’ that is known as ‘Koliat-e-Saadi’; In this attempt, while looking up the semantic synonyms of this word in the Persian Encyclopedia/Lexicons, the various interpretation of ‘Sahara’ in literary and lyric poems of Saadi has been reviewed. This study tries to represent a new glory of the word ‘Sahara’ (Desert) by comparing the connotations of it that have been addressed in ‘Koliat-e-Saadi’ with other expressions according to the Persian encyclopedia. In today’s Persian language conversation, the word ‘Desert/Sahara’ is often associated with a place lacking water and vegetation and points to a very long and hard route; This concept in Saadi’s time was pointing to a journey ending to the holy shrine of “Kaaba”. While at the same time, the word ‘Sahara’ (Desert) in the minds of most individuals was reminding a green and grassy promenade where everyone had a desire for spending their time over there.
Here in this study, the connotations of ‘Sahara’ have been investigated in ‘Koliat-e-Saadi’ and the other associations with this word have also been considered by using the content analysis method. This article tries to deal with the conceptual and ecological differences of Iranian society, to analyze and determine the standpoint of ‘Sahara’ in Saadi`s mindset.
The outcomes of this article indicate the differences available in Saadi’s poems from landscape view.